Democracy and human development | Rise of Kashmir



Democracy in ancient Greece was one of the earliest forms of self-government in the ancient world. The ancient Greeks were the first to create a democracy. The word “democracy” comes from two Greek words that mean people (demos) and rule (kratos). Democracy is the idea that the citizens of a country should take an active role in the government of their country and manage it either directly or through elected representatives. Furthermore, he supports the idea that the people can replace their government with peaceful transfers of power rather than violent uprising or revolution. Thus, a key element of democracy is that the people have a voice. Democracy is a universally recognized ideal based on common values ​​shared by people around the world, regardless of cultural, political, social and economic differences. Democracy as a form of government is a universal reference for the protection of human rights; it provides an environment conducive to the protection and effective realization of human rights.

Democracy is known as the best form of government because in a democracy it is the people of the country who choose their government. They enjoy certain rights which are very essential for every human being to live freely and happily. Democracy has stood the test of time, and while other forms of government have failed, democracy has remained strong. It has proven time and time again its importance and impact. The International Day of Democracy, on September 15 each year, gives us the opportunity to celebrate and appreciate our democratic society. It is very easy for people who live in a free society to take their freedoms for granted, but when freedom is absent, life includes unimaginable challenges that are often incomprehensible.

The values ​​of freedom, respect for human rights and the principle of holding periodic and honest elections by universal suffrage are essential elements of democracy. In turn, democracy provides the natural environment for the protection and effective realization of human rights as embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The foundation of a democratic society is the ability of its people to participate in the decision-making process of their nation. This can only happen when everyone is allowed to vote, regardless of race, gender or other factors, which means inclusion and equality are equally important to the success of a society. democratic. The original form of democracy was direct democracy. The most common form of democracy today is a representative democracy, where the people elect government officials to govern on their behalf, as in a parliamentary or presidential democracy. Democracy includes freedom of assembly, association, property rights, freedom of religion and expression, inclusiveness and equality, citizenship, consent of the governed, the right to vote, freedom from unjustified government deprivation of the right to life and liberty, and minority rights.

Democracy can serve to usher in a culture of equality that empowers oppressed groups. In the process of granting formal citizenship rights to outside groups – lower castes and classes, peasants, racial, ethnic and religious minorities – democracy can foster a political dynamic in which these groups conceptualize their interests as a matter of rights and take a corresponding position. aggressive approach to fulfilling these rights in the political, social and economic spheres. This political dynamic, once set in motion, can have significant implications for the human development of society as it leads to the extension and improvement of government services and the increased use of these services. Effective democratic governance improves the quality of life of men and women everywhere; and that human development is more likely to occur.

Supporting democracy not only promotes these fundamental rights, but also helps create a more secure, stable and prosperous global arena in which society can advance its national interests. Moreover, democracy is the only national interest that helps guarantee all the others. Democratically governed nations are more likely to secure peace, deter aggression, expand open markets, promote economic development, protect citizens, fight crime, uphold human rights and workers, avert humanitarian crises and refugee flows, improve the global environment and protect human health . Democracy is associated with higher human capital accumulation, lower inflation, lower political instability, and greater economic freedom. Democracy is closely linked to economic sources of growth, such as education levels and lifespan through improved educational institutions as well as health care. Over the past quarter century, many nations have successfully transitioned to democracy. Many more are in various stages of transition.

Democracy is very important for human development, when people have free will to live freely, they will be happier. Citizens are not as happy and prosperous in a monarchy or anarchy as in a democratic country. Moreover, democracy allows people to have equal rights and ensures that equality prevails throughout the country. Subsequently, it also gives them duties which make them better citizens and which are also important for their overall development. Thus, this selection of the government by the citizens gives everyone a chance to work for their country. It allows the law to prevail effectively since the rules are made by people they have chosen. Moreover, democracy allows people of various religions and cultures to exist peacefully. This makes them live in harmony with each other. Democracy people are more tolerant and accept each other’s differences. It is very important for any country to be happy and prosperous. Development is a comprehensive economic, social, cultural and political process, which aims at the constant improvement of the well-being of the whole population and of all individuals on the basis of their active, free and meaningful participation in development and fair distribution of resources. resulting benefits. The institutions of democracy tend to foster a well-developed civil society which, in turn, is an important factor for the development of society.

Ideally, in a democratic environment there are better opportunities for economic, social and cultural growth than in an authoritarian state. Democracy is also crucial for long-term sustainable development. By democracy, we do not simply mean expressing individual choices by participating in the electoral process. It is not just about voting to elect a government in a country; it is a participatory process in all government development efforts. It is about social and institutional transformation, considering personal growth and well-being as integral. Having an improved, valued and respected quality of life should be a fundamental right. Development without democracy is not possible. Democracy is a component of development and both are essential prerequisites for human well-being. The strong correlation between development and democracy reflects the fact that economic development is conducive to democracy. Research has shown that the longer a country is democratically governed, the better it performs across a variety of governance and development indicators, including economic performance.

The percentage of the world’s population living in some form of democracy fell last year to 45.7% from 49.4% a year earlier according to the Economist Intelligence Unit’s Democracy Index 2021. Of the 167 territories studied, only 21 were considered full democracies, representing 6.4% of the world’s population, while 53 belonged to the category of “imperfect democracies”. Topping the list were Norway, New Zealand and Finland, while the UK ranked 18th. Afghanistan and Myanmar took the bottom two spots, just below North Korea. India is ranked 46. According to the Democracy Index report by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), there are 21 full democracies, 53 imperfect democracies, 34 hybrid regimes and 59 authoritarian regimes in the world. India is the largest democracy in the world and Niue the smallest.

Democracy in India is still better than most countries in the world. Nevertheless, there is a lot of room for improvement that we need to focus on. The government must implement strict laws to ensure that no discrimination takes place. In addition, awareness programs should be organized to make citizens aware of their rights and duties.

(Mr. Ahmad writes regularly for this newspaper and can be contacted at [email protected])


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